Who decides which races are Group One, Group Two or Group Three?

Who decides which races are Group One, Group Two or Group Three?  Our stateside friends playing the best payout online casino usa, have asked for a post on Group races… so your wish is my command! The classification of Group One, Group Two and Group Three races, collectively known as ‘Pattern’ races, is controlled by the European Pattern Committee (EPC), whose members are Great Britain, Ireland, France and Germany.

The European Pattern was introduced in 1971, to avoid the possibility of prestigious French races being restricted to horses trained in France. Casino en ligne en france fans may be well aware of this. Previously, penalties in such races were determined by the monetary value of the races a horse had won which, granted that French prize money was much higher than elsewhere in Europe, often left them at the mercy of foreign-trained horses. Instead, Pattern races were arranged, by importance, such that penalties could be based on quality, rather than monetary value.

Under normal circumstances, the EPC monitors the quality of Pattern races, based on a rolling three-year average of the official ratings of the first four finishers; in a Group One race, for example, the average official rating must be maintained at 115, or higher. If a Pattern race fails to fulfil or, indeed, exceeds expectations, it can be downgraded or upgraded at the discretion of the EPC. However, in the wake of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, the EPC has announced to that no such changes, one way or the other, will be made in 2021.

How to Get Ahead in Horse Betting and Online Casino?

How to Get Ahead in Horse Betting and Online Casino?

As a horse betting enthusiast, you must have heard about the famous saying that “the winner is decided on the track, not in the betting ring.” This statement means that winning in horse racing or casino games involves more than just choosing good horses and wagering against them or playing games with high RTP. Winning also requires a solid strategy and discipline to follow through with it.

Find Your Niche

You need to find your niche, or in other words, you must identify your strengths and weaknesses. You should not try to be good at everything. If you are good at betting on horses, then focus on that only; if you are better at casino games, then go for it.

There’s no point trying to be good at both things as it will confuse you and make you lose more money than necessary. To be successful in horse betting, being consistent with your betting style is essential even though sometimes this might mean taking smaller bets than what other players do but it pays off over time if done right since they’re well thought-out bets which lead them into profit rather than ruin as bad bets would do otherwise.

Pay Attention to the Details

This is the most basic and important step in any bet – whether we are discussing horse race wagering or playing casino games. It would be best if you looked at all the factors that come into play, such as:


– The odds of winning

– The jockeys and trainers involved in the race

– The horses’ form leading up to the event (their past performance)

– Track conditions, which include track surface, weather, etc.

– Distance of race/ size of the field

– Potential bonuses

– Casino game RTP, volatility and variance

– Maintain discipline


To ensure that you will not lose more money than you can afford, it is important to ensure that your betting strategy at Mastercard casinos UK is in line with your budget. One of the most common mistakes people make when betting on horses is chasing losses. If a horse loses a race, they will often then bet more on that horse because they feel like “they owe it to them” or “it will turn around”.

The same goes for playing online casino games, whether we are talking about poker, slots, blackjack, baccarat or bingo. Sticking to your plan and strategy and maintaining discipline is half the work done.

Find a Trustworthy Betting Site

You should look at the online casino’s reputation to find a trustworthy betting site. This can be done by reading Wise casinos reviews and testimonials from other players. Look for a company with a good track record of paying out winnings and providing excellent customer support to their players.

Also, consider any security measures they have in place to protect your personal information, including credit card details and private information like your home address.

Watching Back Races

Watching back races can tell you a lot about what kind of horse betting strategies will work in future races. You can learn a lot from studying the past performances of horses and even other bettors who have placed bets on those horses. For example, if someone has won consistently with a certain type of betting strategy, it may be worth trying out for yourself.

When watching back races, though, two things should always be kept in mind: firstly, only use information from reputable sources (and not just anyone who happens to be commenting about how great their method was). Secondly, don’t bet heavily on one type/method because you saw it work once before (for example). It might not work again due to chance alone!

Bank Roll Management

Bankroll management is a very important aspect of gambling. It is the practice of keeping your losses and profits in check. If you don’t have a set bankroll, you could lose everything. If you have a set bankroll, then you will know when to stop playing.

If you’re new to online casinos or horse racing betting, it’s best to start small. It’s likely that after playing there for several hours, if not days or weeks (depending on how long it takes), that amount has diminished significantly; therefore, it’s time for some self-control and discipline!


As we have seen, there are many ways of being successful in horse wagering and online casinos. You can choose the strategy that works best for you, but one thing is sure: if you don’t follow this advice, it will be harder to win. The most important thing is to analyze every game before placing a bet or a bet; this will make it easier for you to estimate the probability of winning or losing money.

What is Tapeta?

What is Tapeta?  Tapeta is a synthetic racing surface, akin to Polytrack, which consists of a trademarked mixture of silica sand, wax and rubber fibres laid to a depth of several inches above a tough, woven fabric membrane or a layer of asphalt. Tapeta is specifically designed to mimic the root structure of turf and, as such, produces a unbiased racing surface, which produces little or no kickback and copes well with wet weather.

Tapeta was the brainchild of Michael Dickinson – best known in Britain for saddling the first five finishers in the 1983 Cheltenham – who set about creating a kinder, more forgiving alternative to dirt on which to train his horses. He designed and laid the first version of Tapeta at his purpose-built Tapeta Farm in 1997 and, in 2005, formed Tapeta Footings Inc, which now has offices on both sides of the Atlantic.

Continued research and development has led to numerous iterations of Tapeta, which has been widely adopted by racecourses worldwide, including Wolverhampton, Newcastle and, most recently, Southwell in Britain. Martin Cruddace, Chief Executive of Arena Racing Company (ARC), which owns Southwell Racecourse, said that replacing the existing Fibresand surface with Tapeta represented ‘another significant step forward’.

When was off-course betting tax abolished?

When was off-course betting tax abolished?  As part of his Budget speech in March, 2001, then Chancellor of the Exchequor, Gordon Brown, announced that, from January 1, 2002, the betting levy would be abolished. Previously, the government had collected a betting duty of 6.75% from bookmakers, which was passed on to off-course punters as a 9% tax, payable on stake money or winnings. Instead, bookmakers would be taxed, at 15%, on their gross profits, allowing off-course punters to bet tax-free for the first time since 1968.

Beforehand, Her Majesty’s Customs and Excise had predicted betting duty would plummet as off-course punters sought to avoid paying tax by betting offshore or online. A spokesperson for bookmaker Victor Chandler, whose move offshore was believed to have spurred the Chancellor into action, described the proposed 15% tax on gross profits as ‘simply another stealth tax’.

Nevertheless, as announced by the National Audit Office in January, 2005, the move proved highly successful. The so-called ‘Big Three’ bookmakers, William Hill, Ladbrokes and Coral, all repatriated their offshore operations and the value of bets placed off-course increased by nearly 100%, from £27 billion to £53 billion, in the period since the law was changed.

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